Winery and wine cellar both in Georgian language are named as MARANI. Marani however is not only the place where wine is stored. Marani is a place for crushing and pressing grapes, fermenting the wine and of course for the storage. Most interestingly Marani served also as a place for religious ceremonies.
As pagan Georgians worshiped the vine tree and the drink made from it, they retained some of those ceremonies from the past until today. Marani is undivided part of Georgian ethnography. Most of modern Georgian villagers still have funcltioning maranis in their plots usually located close to their vineyards.
Georgian ethnography preserved 2 main types of Marani: closed (covered) and open. Closed Marani is mostly found in Eastern Georgia especially in Kakheti region. Here qvevris are berried in soil under the roof of the building, barrels or tanks are also located inside of building named marani. Western Georgia is mostly known with open type maranis. Here qvevris are also berried in soil but in an open-air place normally close to a building with winemaking facilities and tools. Barrels and tanks similarly to Eastern Georgian Maranis are located inside of a building.
There are number of villages in Georgia named Marani or Marana most probably indicating locations of the key historic wine cellars in these areas. Alexandre Dumas, famous French writer describes one of these villages in his book “Travels in the Caucasus”.